Sacred places of Kazakhstan
The Monument of architecture of beginning XX of a century.
The mausoleum has been erected above a tomb known religious mysticism Аrystan-Bab, lived in XII century. The first construction of the mausoleum concerns to XIV-XV centuries. From it carved wooden columns aivana were kept. In XVIII century on a place ancient masars, destroyed earthquake, had been constructed two dome construction with аivans, leaning on two carved wooden columns. The building of XVIII century has collapsed and in 1909 has been built up anew, about what kartush of frieze. In 1971 because of a high level of the subsoil waters led its emergency condition, the mosque has been taken down and built up anew. The building is constructed from fired brick on an alabaster solution, in an obverse lying of walls. Now the mausoleum is one of Muslim relics of the Central Asia and is a place of pilgrimage.
On a legend, Arystan –Bab was associater of prophet Muhammad. Once prophet Muhammad and its associates sat and ate a hurma. One of fruits all time dropped out of a dish, and the prophet has heard revelation: " This hurma is intended for Ahmed's Moslem who will be born for 400 years after you ". The prophet has asked the associates who will hand over this hurma to the future owner. Nobody was caused. The prophet has repeated the question and then Аrystan-Bab has answered: “If you ask the Allah to give 400 years of a life I shall hand over a hurma ". According to the national legend and to written sources (" Risolay Sarem-Ispidjab” and book of Kuprilozada), Аrystan in 400 years became instructor Hodzha Ahmed Yassavi and has really hand over a hurma. Now above tomb Аrystan-Bab stands the mausoleum in area 30*13 m. On historical data, this mausoleum in XII-XVIII centuries has been some times reconstructed and restored. The mausoleum of the Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui - great sacred and the preacher sufism, born in 1103 and died in 1166. At Moslems Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui is esteemed by the second prophet after Mohammed. (Turkestan) The Mausoleum Arystan-Bab a place of a burial place of the teacher of Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui. Under the legend, dying, prophet Mohammed has handed the Arystan-Bab the chetki-amanat and that has handed over to their 11-years boy - to the future to Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui. Near the mausoleum Arystan-Bab is a well with very salty water which possesses curing properties (v.Sairam)
- Tomb of Ibrahim-aty - the father of the Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui (Sairam)
- Tomb of Karashash-ana- mothers of the of Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui (Sairam)
- Tomb of Gauhar-ana- daughters of the Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui (Turkestan)
- Tomb Аli Hadji- the son-in-law of the Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui (Turkestan)
Mosque of Bab-arabs
- on the importance for Moslems the city of Turkestan name the second Mecca, and visiting of these places is equated to small Hadjy.
- Domalak-ana-Anar-ana - two sacred stones between which can pass only the just person.
- Well Gayip Bergen - depth of a well - 40 meters. Type curative water people with pure soul can only. It Is possible to the little, at the majority of people or the bucket is broken, or water splashing. Pilgrims usually pass these two tests, coming back from Turkestan after visiting sacred places. It as though check, the person and how much the god has how much cleared the soul has heard their prays
- Mausoleum Aisha-Bibi - a place especially esteemed by futility women which ask to grant to them children and strong family.
- The place of burial place Raimbek - visiting of this place provides successful road and success in affairs.
- Monastery and place of a burial place ieromonahs Serafim and Feognast, shooting in 1921, sacred-new torments of the ground Kazakhstan, defenders and patrons of city Almaty. Here there is a man's monastery. The pray to sacred defenders recovers health, gives success, preserves against damage and evil deeds.
- The gorge Monahovo where have immured itself in a cave and was blown up by orthodox monks pursued by Red Army men.
- Tomb rebe Levi Itshok Shneerson, the preacher who has died in the Kazakhstan reference yudism and the expert on a Torah, father Ljubavichskogo rebe Menahem Mendle Shneerson. On a tomb there come Jews from the different countries to pray and leave the letters-requests.
- The Mausoleum of the Kozy-Korpesh and Bayan-Sulu, where lovers asks protection, and lonely - the partner in life.
- Piecelovers icons of the Christ of the Savior which recently showed to Christians the miracle. (Кaratau)
- The Place of a burial place KomanKoja-Baba and its two associates - "Who has not the son - it gave the son who did not have a daughter - it gave the daughter ". The constant keeper of mazar puts sacred books in special niches, gives slices of the consecrated fabric for tumars. (v. Аydarli, to the east of Karaganda)
- Mazar of sacred Kulboldy –Baba, the dust from walls of mazars is considered curative. It plant in water and drink, especially helps from children's illnesses. (v. Shirkeyli)
- The Underground mosque Beket-ata which has been cut down in a rock. The pilgrims who are spending the night near this cave, see prophetical dreams which prompt the person an output from critical situations. (Beyneu, Mangystau area)
- To the Virgin Astanaysk " Findings of victims " a female monastery where serve moleben or search without a message gone. (Astana)
- The Tomb of father Sevatiana, the monk from the desert Optinoj, banished in Karlag and based in Karaganda the first church of Christmas of the Virgin. Ranked as a face Kazakhstan new torments father Sevastian allows praying force to struggle even with the heaviest illnesses.
- Mountain “Beluha” - a place where Rerich's followers gather.
- Arkaim - ancient zoroastrism city-temple which is being a circle from 12 signs of the Zodiac. In the summer followers of zoroastrism and representatives of different religions and doctrines for contact to the maximum reason here gather.
- The mausoleum of Arystan-Bab. Sacred Arystan-Bab was the legendary person. The legend names its teacher and instructor H.A.Yassavi. Therefore on a way to H.A.Yassavi's mausoleum pilgrims also consider as a duty to give a tribute esteemed in people sacred. Arystan-Bab was buried in XII a century. It is probable, then its mausoleum has been built. The kept building was under construction in beginning XX of a century. In the first premise established the gravestone of the Arystan-Bab, in the second - gravestones his pupils and followers Hermet-Baba, the Karga-Baba and Lashyn-Baba.
Mausoleum Hodzha Ahmet Yassaui
The city of Turkestan - the first capital Kazakh hans. The ancient name of city - Yassi. Yassi became the center of district, the main trading item on Great silk Road. Special popularity has got in beginning XII of a century when H.A.Yassavi has lodged. After his death above a tomb has been built mazar which at once has got the status of " a sacred place ". In XIV century Amir Timur in honour of a victory over Golden Horde constructs above a tomb of the poet grandiose hanaku, kept in first edited a kind during 6 centuries. Around of H.A.Yassavi's Mausoleum in due course there was the whole necropolis consisting of mausoleums Rabigi Sultan-Begim (XV in, century is disassembled in 2-nd half ХIХ and it is restored in 1980) and Esim khan (XV century), the mausoleum Anonymous, etc. burial places. A number of the constructions connected with sufies by rituals and cult Yassaui, such as chillyahana (XV century), underground hilvet (ХІІ-ХІХ centuries), east bath (ХVІ-ХІХ centuries) was kept.
This mausoleum is located on northeast part of Sairam, was erected above a tomb of the spiritual governor of sheikh Ibragim - father Ahmed Yassavi. The former construction (Х11-Х1У centuries), not having passed the test time, has fallen off. The mausoleum has been restored Х1Х century. From people’s legends about sanctity of this person and unusual gift of the seer went. The manuscripts testifying to a noble origin and a family tree are stored in museum Sairam.
This historical monument towering in center of Sairam, concerns to Х1Х century. For the first time the mausoleum was erected in Х111century above tomb Karashash-Ana - mothers Ahmed Yassavi. Present name Karashash-Ana – Aisha-Bibi, it was the daughter known in Sairam, sheikh Musa. Karashash-Ana was one of enlightenmented, well-educated and competent women of the epoch. Karashash-Ana turkis of all world esteem. Her identifyed with an ideal of motherhood.
In 18 km from Taraz, in small grove on a hill other large religious monument - mausoleum Aisha-Bibi (XI-XII centuries) is located. Now it is taken on the account of UNESCO. The mausoleum is reveted by various terracotta tiles and can be compare only to such world a masterpiece of ancient architecture, as mausoleum Ismail Samani in Bukhara. Mausoleum Aisha-Bibi, perhaps, a unique monument in the Central Asia, entirely reveted carved terracotta with the richest оrnaments in the form of tiles, eaves, stylish writings. In a decor of the mausoleum rich and various it is composite the connected ornaments in the form of the geometrical figures consisting of interlacings of polygons, crosses, stars, and also vegetative motives in the form of stalks with colors. Capitals and columned from terracotta blocks covered by the most thin figures representing the richest assemblies of motives of a national ornament. Mausoleum Aisha-Bibi is some kind of a museum-storehouse of ornamental treasures of the past of central-Asian Turkic people. Now from this remarkable monument only western wall, and from other walls - only not greater fragments was kept. On one of angular towers of the mausoleum are visible scraps lines from an ancient couplet: " Autumn … clouds. The Earth fine … ". Up to now the part of the western wall of the mausoleum was kept only. Now completely the mausoleum is restored. The territory is arranged well. The mausoleum is one of the most interesting and unique monuments of architecture Кarahanids of the epoch, not having analogues in architecturally-building culture of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. Differs magnificence of decorative registration of facades, continuous facing from terracotta plates of the various form and an ornament more than 60 versions. Tiles fasten by a jamming in a lying of a wall of the extended elements rump "tails". On columns it was partially kept epigraphs belt. The monument invariable causes interest of tourists not only the unusual architecture, but also the historical legends telling about love of east beauty Аisha and brave soldier Karahan. Аisha is the woman considered the daughter of known east wise man Zengi. According to legend Аisha has died from a sting of the snake during a trip to beloved Karahan.
Mausoleum Babadja Hatun
The mausoleum differs simplicity and grace of forms owing to what it was kept till our time. Last restoration works have been lead per 2002. In the architectural plan interest represents tent overlapping the mausoleum absolutely not traditional for our region. Epigraph of the frieze on a portal of the mausoleum has informed up to us a name of the woman, buried in it. According to a legend it was nurse Ajshi. Accompanied with it during a tragical trip. After death of Aisha supported fire on the tomb. Both of the mausoleum are not only architectural objects, but also a place of pilgrimage so are considered as sacred places in the Muslim world. Turkestan (Yassi) has been estimated as the spiritual and political center turk-language people and was capital Kazakh hans. To Turkestan 1 500 years. Sheikh Hodzha Ahmet Yassaui - mystical sufi, the poet and the philosopher was the spiritual leader of turkis.